Biomedical Engineering: Applications, Basis and Communications, 28(2), 1650015p. (2016) DOI:10.4015/S1016237216500150

Dynamical analysis of emotional states from electroencephalogram signals

A. Goshvarpour, A. Abbasi, A. Goshvarpour

The current study evaluates the dynamics of the electroencephalogram signals during specific emotional states in order to obtain a detailed understanding of the affective EEG patterns. Employing recurrence analysis, the dynamical states of the emotional brain during visual stimuli is evaluated. Three channels of electroencephalogram time series (Fz, Cz, and Pz) available in eNTERFACE06_EMOBRAIN database are used in this study. Electroencephalogram signals are recorded from 5 subjects in three emotional categories: exciting negative (disgust), neutral and exciting positive (happy). Recurrence quantification analysis (RQA) was applied to study electroencephalogram morphological changes in different emotional states (happy, disgust, neutral). The ANOVA and tt-test are done to detect significant differences in RQA measures of the EEGs. It has shown that the phase space trajectory becomes more periodic during exciting negative. In addition, the results reveal that in comparison with negative emotion and neutral, the behavior of EEGs in positive emotion is highly chaotic. Performing statistical analysis, significant differences were observed in recurrence rate, determinism, average diagonal, line length, Shannon entropy, laminarity, trapping time among three emotional evoked groups. Although these changes occurred in all EEG channels, a better distinction between each emotional state can be observed in Pz location. It seems that recurrence analysis is a promising non-linear approach for detecting instantaneous changes in the emotional EEG induced by visual stimuli. RQA has the potential to discover differences of signal features in response to an emotional stimulus.

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